Posts Tagged Basics

CSS–Advanced Topics

Alsalamo alekom .. we will continue what we started which is css reviews … so u have to check this links befour we start CSS Basics || and CSS Basics | Now we will talk about something advanced about CSS .. our topics will be

  • CSS – Cursor

  • CSS – Position

  • CSS – Layer

  • CSS – Display

CSS – Cursor

we will change cursor icon when we do action like “we are over text” we have many cursors like :

  • default – Display the normal mouse cursor

  • iconwait – The mouse icon to represent the computer “thinking”

  • crosshair – A cross hair reticletext – An “I” shaped icon that is displayed when selecting textpointer

  • A hand icon that you see when you hover over an
    HTML link-help

  • A question mark (usually)

Lets Try it now .. Just make Style tag and copy this :

 p { cursor: wait }
 h4 { cursor: help }
 h5 { cursor: crosshair }

and make your mouse over each one and see what happended ๐Ÿ™‚ … and tell me

CSS Position

You will be able to manipulate the exact position of your HTML elements

Position Relative

Relative positioning changes the position of the HTML element relative to where it normally appears. If we had a header that appears at the top of our page, we can make it abit to right or to left , up , down or mix of them … i like “mix” remeber me “DevMix” ๐Ÿ™‚ so the css code will be :


 h3 { 
 position: relative; 
 top: 15px;
 left: 150px;
 p { 
 position: relative; 
 left: -10px;

See this to understand more :

BeforeCSSย ย ย  After Positioning

Position Absolute

With absolute positioning, you define the exact pixel value where the specified HTML element will appear. The point of origin is the top-left of the browser’s viewable area, so be sure you are measuring from that point.

CSS Code :

 h3 { 
 position: absolute; 
 top: 50px;
 left: 45px;
 position: absolute; 
 top: 75px;
 left: 75px;

CSS –ย  Layers

In CSS, each element is given a priority. HTML elements that appear later in the source code than others will have a higher priority by default. If there are two overlapping CSS positioned elements, the element with the higher priority will appear on top of the other. To manually define a priority, set the z-index value. The larger the value, the higher the priority the element will have.

CSS Code:

 position: relative; 
 top: 30px;
 left: 50px;
 z-index: 2;
 background-color: #336699;

 p { 
 position: relative; 
 z-index: 1; 
 background-color: #FFCCCC;

CSS – Display

Display Block and Inline

are you bored from using <br/> tag ?? yes me too .. what will we so if we have ablock of links … wil we using <br/> tag alot and alot ?? no css will make it easy for you let’s have an example :

CSS Code:

 a { display: block; }
 p { display: inline; }


Developers Mix
Developers Mix

Developers Mix

Developers Mix

Developers Mix

ย ย ย  These Linksย ย ย ย  belong ย  toย ย ย ย  DevMix blog


Display None (Hidden)

At times you may want to hide pieces of content, while at other times you would wish to show it. With the use of JavaScript, you can create collapseable menus.This is a simple example of how to hide an element.

CSS Code: { display: block }
p.hide { display: none; }

HTML Code:

<p class="show">This paragraph is displayed correctly because 
it has a display value of "block".</p>

<p class="hide">This paragraph is hidden because 
it has a display value of "none". Why am I even
writing anything in here?</p>


This paragraph is displayed correctly because it has a
display value of “block”.


I hope add something new to ur knowleadge ,,, thanks for reading …
we wait your feedback ….. ohhh Dont Forget we will make articles
about CSS3 … Don’t Miss it ๐Ÿ˜€

By : Mohammed Gabrail

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HTML5 — How came to be ?

HTML gone throughtoo manystepsto bein this form we will
talk about this as we can :
Must to know

In 1993, Dave Raggerr proposed HTML+ as an evolution of the HTML standard. the proposal was never implemented, and it was
superseded by HTML 2.0. HTML 2.0 was aโ€œretro-spec
,โ€ which means it formalized features already in common use. โ€œthis specification
brings together, clarifies, and formalizes
a set of features that roughly corresponds to the
capabilities of HTML in common use prior to June 1994.โ€
Dave later wrote HTML 3.0, based on his earlier HTML+ draft. Outside of the W3Cโ€™s ownreference implementation, Arena), HTML 3.0 was never implemented, and it was superseded by HTML 3.2, another โ€œretro-specโ€: โ€œ HTML 3.2 adds widely deployed features such as tables, applets and text flow around images, while providing full backwards compatibility with the existing standard HTML 2.0.โ€
Dave later co-authored HTML 4.0, developed HTML Tidy , and went on to help with XHTML, XForms, MathML, and other modern W3C specifications. Let us imagine HTML not Changed from long time
they have its rules and all browser walk on there steps ,yes
lets say :

  • HTTP still exists. HTTP
  • successfully evolved from 0.9
    into 1.0 and later 1.1. And still it
  • HTML still exists. that
    rudimentary data format โ€” itdidnโ€™t even support inline images!
    โ€”successfully evolved into 2.0, 3.2, 4.0. HTML is an unbroken line
  • HTML has always been a conversation between browser
    makers, authors, standards wonks, and other
  • None of the browsers from 1993 still exist in any recognizable
    form. Netscape Navigatorwas abandoned in 1998 and rewritten from
    scratch to create the Mozilla Suite, which
    was then forked to create Firefox. Internet Explorer had its humble
    โ€œbeginningsโ€ in โ€œMicrosoft Plus! for Windows 95,โ€
  • Some of the operating systems from 1993 still exist, but none of
    them are relevant to the modern web.

In December 1997, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) published HTML4.0 and promptly shut down the HTML Working Group

Less than two months later, a separate W3C Working Group published XML 1.0 theW3C re-chartered the HTML Working Group to create this โ€œsuite of XML tag-sets.โ€ their first step,

in December 1998, was a draft of an interim specification that simply reformulated HTML in XML without adding any new elements or attributes their next target was web forms.
In August 1999, the same HTML Working Group published
a first draft of XHTML Extended Forms.

A few months later, โ€œ XHTML Extended Formsโ€ was renamed โ€œXFormsโ€ and moved to its own Working Group. that group worked in parallel with the HTML Working Group and finally published the first edition of XForms 1.0 in October 2003

In May 2001, they published the first edition of XHTML 1.1, that added only a few minor features on top of XHTML 1.0, but also eliminated the โ€œAppendix Cโ€ loophole. Starting with version 1.1, all XHTML documents were to be served with a MIME type of application/xhtml+xml


Are you think that your document written in XHTML??, I think you are wrong.Browsers have always been โ€œforgivingโ€ with HTML. If you create an HTML page but forget the </head> tag, browsers will display the page anyway.You are supposed to nest tags hierarchically โ€” closing them in last-in-first-out order โ€” but if you create markup like <b><i></b></i>, browsers will just deal with it (somehow) and move on without displaying an error message.

By some estimates, over 99% of HTML pages on the web today have at least one error in them. But because these errors donโ€™t cause browsers to display visible error messages, nobody ever fixes them. so you use the synatx Not the rules of XML, and if we do 99% of the Web-pages all over the world will not work !!


simply it was unofficial group of developers that focus in web applications at the beginning W3C ignored them but ….. !!
by October 2006, it was clear that the WHAT Working Group had picked up serious momentum, while XHTML 2 was still languishing in draft form, unimplemented by any major browser. In October 2006, TimBerners- Lee, the founder of the W3C itself, announced that the W3C would work together with the WHAT Working Group to evolve



One of the first things the newly
re-chartered W3C HTML Working Group decided was to rename โ€œWeb
Applications 1.0โ€ to โ€œHTML5.โ€ And here we are, diving into HTML5

And here we are ๐Ÿ˜€ … at all i
know that post not technical as u expect but you have to know these
thanks for your reading and wait us soon with new
posts …. so so
nice …bye
by : Mohammed Gabrail

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1 Comment

Python-study group

ุจุณู… ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุฑุญู…ู† ุงู„ุฑุญูŠู…

ุงูˆู„ุง ุงู†ุง ู‡ุนุฑู ุจู†ูุณูŠ ุงู†ุง ุงู„ุทุงู„ุจ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุฌุจุฑูŠู„ – ุซุงู„ุซู‡ ุญุงุณุจุงุช ุงู„ู…ู†ุตูˆุฑู‡ – ุจู„ุจุณ ู†ุถุงุฑู‡ …. ูˆุงู† ุดุงุก ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู‡ูƒูˆู† ู…ุนุงูƒู… ู…ุน ุงูˆู„ ุงุณุชุฏูŠ ุฌุฑูˆุจ ู„ู„ูุฑูŠู‚ ููŠ ุดู‡ุฑ ุฑู…ุถุงู† ุงู„ู…ุจุงุฑูƒ ูˆู‡ุชูƒูˆู† ุนู† ุงู„ุจุงูŠุซูˆู† .. ูˆุงู† ุดุงุก ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู‡ูƒูˆู† ู…ุนุงูƒู… ูŠูˆู… ุจูŠูˆู… ูˆู„ุญุธู‡ ุจู„ุญุธู‡ ููŠ ุงูŠ ุณุคุงู„ ุงูˆ ุงูŠ ุงุณุชูุณุงุฑ .. ู„ุงู† ู‡ุฏูู†ุง ูƒูุฑูŠู‚ ุงู†ู†ุง ู†ู†ุดุฑ ุนู„ู… ุตุญ ูˆู†ู†ู‚ู„ ู…ุนุงุฑู ูˆู†ุฑุณุฎ ู…ุจุงุฏุฆ ุชู‡ู… ูƒู„ ูˆุงุญุฏ ููŠู†ุง .. ุงุชู…ู†ูŠ ุจุฌุฏ ุงู† ุฑุจู†ุง ูŠูˆูู‚ู†ุง ูˆู†ู‚ุฏุฑ ู†ููŠุฏูƒู… ุจุฌุฏ ูˆู„ูˆ ุจู…ุนู„ูˆู…ู‡ … ุจุณ ุงูŠุฏ ู„ูˆุญุฏู‡ุง ู„ุง ุชุตูู‚ ูƒู„ ุงู†ุณุงู† ูˆู„ู‡ ู…ุง ู„ู‡ ูˆุนู„ูŠู‡ ู…ุง ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูŠุนู†ูŠ ู„ุงุฒู… ุชุฌุชู‡ุฏ ุนู„ุดุงู† ุชู„ุงู‚ูŠ ู†ุชูŠุฌู‡ ุชุฑุถูŠูƒ .. ุจุงู„ุชูˆููŠู‚ ู„ู„ุฌู…ูŠุน ุงู† ุดุงุก ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชู‚ุฏุฑูˆุง ุชุชุงุจุนูˆู†ุง ุนู†

ุทุฑูŠู‚ ุงู„ุจู„ูˆุฌ ุฏุง




DevMix Group


DevMix Official Page

ุงู† ุดุงุก ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุงุณุชุฏูŠ ุฌุฑูˆุจ ู‡ุชุจุชุฏูŠ ู…ู† ุจูƒุฑู‡ ูˆุทุจุนุง ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ุงู„ู„ูŠ ุญุฌุฒุช ู„ุงุฒู… ุชุจุนุช ุชุฃูƒูŠุฏ ุนู„ุดุงู† ู†ุนู…ู„ ุญุณุงุจู†ุง ู…ุนุงู†ุง ูˆูƒู…ุงู† ุงู„ู…ูˆุงุนูŠุฏ ู‡ุชุชุจุนุช ู„ู„ู†ุงุณ ุนู„ูŠ ุงู„ู…ูŠู„ ุงู† ุดุงุก ุงู„ู„ู‡ … ูˆูŠุงุฑุจ ู†ูƒูˆู† ุนู†ุฏ ุญุณู† ุธู† ุญุถุฑุงุชูƒู…

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Event #3 materials and discussion

ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ุนู„ูŠูƒู… ูˆุฑุญู…ุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูˆุจุฑูƒุงุชู‡

ุงุฒูŠูƒูˆุง ูŠุง ุดุจุงุจ .. ุงุชู…ู†ู‰ ุชูƒูˆู†ูˆุง ุฌู…ูŠุนุง ุจุฎูŠุฑ .. ุงู†ู‡ุงุฑุฏุฉ ูƒุงู† ูŠูˆู… ุบูŠุฑ ุนุงุฏูŠ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุงู‚ู„ ู…ู† ูˆุฌู‡ู‡ ู†ุธุฑูŠ ุงู„ุดุฎุตูŠุฉ ูˆูƒุงู† ุงู„ุญุถูˆุฑ ุบููŠุฑ ุฌุฏุง ู…ุงุดุงุก ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูˆุงุชู…ู†ู‰ ุจุฌุฏ ุงู†ู‡ ูŠูƒูˆู† ุงู„ู‡ุฏู ู…ู† ุงู„ุณูŠุดู†ุฒ ุจุชุงุนุฉ ุงู†ู‡ุงุฑุฏุฉ ูŠูƒูˆู† ูˆุตู„ ูุนู„ุง ู„ูŠูƒู… … ูˆุฑุฌุงุก ุงู„ู…ุชุงุจุนุฉ ูู‰ ุงู„ูุชุฑุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‰ ุฌุงูŠุฉ ู‡ู†ุง ุน ุงู„ุจู„ูˆุฌ ูˆุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฌุฑูˆุจ ุน ุงู„ููŠุณ ุจูˆูƒ ู„ุงู†ู‡ ุบุงู„ุจุง ู…ุด ู‡ูŠูƒูˆู† ููŠู‡ ุงู„ุงุณุจูˆุน ุงู„ู‚ุงุฏู… ู„ุฐู„ูƒ ุนุงูˆุฒ ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ุชุชุงุจุน ู‡ู†ุง ุนุดุงู† ู„ูˆ ู‚ูˆู„ู†ุง ุนู„ู‰ ู…ุดุฑูˆุน ู†ุนู…ู„ู‡ ู…ู† ุน ุงู„ู†ุช ุงูˆ ู…ุซู„ุง ุฎุทุท ู„ู„ุนู…ู„ ูู‰ ุงู„ูุชุฑุฉ ุงู„ู‚ุงุฏู…ุฉ ูŠูƒูˆู† ุงู„ุฌู…ูŠุน ู…ุชุงุจุน ูˆูŠุง ุฑูŠุช ุงู„ู„ู‰ ูŠุนุฑู ูŠุญุงูˆู„ ูŠุนุฑู ุบูŠุฑู‡ ุŒุŒุŒ ุฏู„ูˆู‚ุช ุงู†ุง ุฑูุนุชู„ูƒู… ุงู„ู…ุงุชูŠุฑูŠุงู„ุฒ ุงู„ู„ู‰ ุงุชุดุฑุญ ู…ู†ู‡ุง ูƒู„ู‡ุง ูˆู‡ู‰ ูƒุงู„ุชุงู„ู‰ ุจุงู„ุชุฑุชูŠุจ ูŠุง ุฑูŠุช ุชู†ุฒู„ูˆู‡ุง ุนู†ุฏูƒูˆุง ูˆุชุญุงูˆู„ูˆุง ุชุฐุงูƒุฑูˆู‡ุง ูˆุงู„ู„ู‰ ุนุงูˆุฒ ูŠุณุฃู„ ูู‰ ุญุงุฌุฉ ู…ู…ูƒู† ูŠุณุฃู„ ู‡ู†ุง ุทุจุนุง ูˆู‚ุฏุฑ ุงู„ุงู…ูƒุงู† ุชุนู…ู„ูˆุง ุชุทุจูŠู‚ุงุช ูˆุชุจุนุชูˆู‡ุง ุนู„ู‰ ุงูŠู…ูŠู„ ุงู„ูุฑูŠู‚ ูˆู‡ูŠุชู… ุงู„ู†ุธุฑ ููŠู‡ุง ุงู† ุดุงุก ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูู‰ ุงู‚ุฑุจ ูุฑุตุฉ ูˆุงู„ุฑุฏ ุนู„ูŠู‡ุง ูˆู…ุชุงุจุนุชู‡ุง ุŒุŒ ุญุงุฌุฉ ุงุฎูŠุฑุฉ ุนุงูˆุฒ ุงู‚ูˆู„ู‡ุง ุงู†ู‡ ุทุจุนุง ุงู†ู‡ุงุฑุฏุฉ ู…ุงูƒุงู†ุด ููŠ ูˆู‚ุช ู†ุนู…ู„ ู…ุฑุงุฌุนุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‰ ุงุฎุฏู†ุงู‡ ูˆู†ุงุฎุฏ ุฑุฃูŠ ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ูู‰ ุงู„ูŠูˆู… ู„ุฐู„ูƒ ุนู…ู„ู†ุง ุญูˆุงุฑ ุนู„ู‰ ุฌูˆุฌู„ ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ุชุชูƒู„ู… ุนู„ูŠู‡ ู…ู…ูƒู† ู†ูˆุตู„ู‡ ู…ู† ุงู„ู„ูŠู†ูƒ ุงู„ุชุงู„ู‰ ูˆู†ู‚ูˆู„ ุฃุฑุงุฆู†ุง ุจูˆุถูˆุญ ูˆุดูƒุฑุง ู„ุญุถูˆุฑูƒู…

FeedBack For Event #3 for DevMix Team

Day Materials

#1 – C# fundamentals PART II – by Maha Elbasuony

#2 – Intro to Win. App. – by Mahmoud Farouk

#3 – Intro To Data Base – by Noha Mostafa

TEDxtalks for DevMix

#4 – What’s new in HTML5 – by Ahmed Yousef

#5 – Intro to Algorithms – by Eman Elma’asaray


ูˆู…ุงุฒู„ู†ุง ู‡ู†ุงูƒ ุงู„ู…ุฒูŠุฏ ูˆุงู„ู…ุฒูŠุฏ ูุชุงุจุนูˆู†ุง ูˆูู‰ ุงู„ูุชุฑุฉ ุงู„ู‚ุงุฏู…ุฉ ูƒู…ุง ุณุจู‚ ูˆูˆุถุญุช ู‡ูŠูƒูˆู† ู‡ู†ุง ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุจู„ูˆุฌ ู…ู…ูƒู† ุณูŠุดู†ุฒ ุชู†ุฒู„ ูˆุดุฑุญ ู„ุจุนุถ ุงู„ุญุงุฌุงุช ูˆุงุชู…ู†ู‰ ู…ุชุงุจุนุฉ ุงู„ุฌู…ูŠุน

ุดูƒุฑุง ู„ุญุถูˆุฑูƒู… ุฌู…ูŠุนุง – ูู‰ ุงู…ุงู† ุงู„ู„ู‡

๐Ÿ™‚ ๐Ÿ™‚ ๐Ÿ™‚

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Event #2 Some Basics & TED test

ุงู„ูŠูˆู… ุฏู‡ ูƒุงู† ูŠูˆู… ู…ู† ุงู„ุงูŠุงู… ุงู„ู„ู‰ ุจู†ุซุจุช ููŠู‡ุง ุงุณุงุณูŠุงุช ูˆู„ู„ุชู‚ุฑูŠุจ ูู‰ ุงู„ู…ุณุชูˆูŠุงุช ุจูŠู† ูƒู„ ุงู„ุงุนุถุงุก ุจุงู†ู†ุง ุจุฏุฃู†ุง ู†ุฑุงุฌุน ู…ุน ุจุนุถ ุนู„ู‰ ุจุนุถ ุงู„ุงุณุงุณูŠุงุช ูˆุงู„ู…ูุงู‡ูŠู… ุงู„ุงุณุงุณูŠุฉ ุนุดุงู† ู„ู…ุง ู†ุจุฏุฃ ูู‰ ู…ุดุฑูˆุน ู†ุดุชุบู„ ุนู„ู‰ ุทูˆู„ ูˆู†ุญุณ ุจุชุญุณู† … ุงู„ู…ู‡ู… ุนุดุงู† ู…ุงุทูˆู„ุด ุนู„ูŠูƒู… ุฏู‰ ุงู„ู…ุงุชูŠุฑูŠุงู„ุฒ ุงู„ู„ู‰ ุงุดุชุบู„ู†ุง ููŠู‡ุง ูู‰ ุงู„ูŠูˆู… ุฏู‡ ูˆุงุชู…ู†ู‰ ู†ู„ุงู‚ู‰ ุชู‚ูŠูŠู… ู…ู† ุงู„ู‚ุฑุงุก ูˆูŠูƒูˆู† ู‡ู†ุงูƒ ู†ู‚ุฏ ุจู†ุงุก ู„ุตุงุญุจ ุงู„ุจุฑูŠุฒูŠู†ุชุงุดู†

#1 –> C# fundamentals PART I – by Maha elbasuony

TEDx talks:

ุทุจุนุง ุนู…ู„ู†ุง ูู‰ ุงู„ูŠูˆู… ุฏู‡ ุงูˆู„ ู…ุฑุญู„ุฉ ู…ู† ู…ุฑุงุญู„ ุงู„ุชุฏุฑูŠุจ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุนุฑุถ ูˆู…ุง ู†ุณู…ูŠู‡

public speaking

ุนู† ุทุฑูŠู‚ ุญุงุฌุฉ ุจู†ุดุจู‡ู‡ุง ุจุทุฑูŠู‚ุฉ ุชูŠุฏ ูู‰ ุงู„ุนุฑุถ ู„ู„ุงููƒุงุฑ ูˆู‡ู‰ ุนู† ุทุฑูŠู‚ ุงู† ุงู‰ ุจุฑูŠุฒูŠู†ุชุงุดู† ุจุชูƒูˆู† ูู‰ู…ุง ู„ุง ูŠุฒูŠุฏ ุนู† 15 ุฏู‚ูŠู‚ุฉ ูˆูŠูƒูˆู† ููŠู‡ุง ุชูˆุตูŠู„ ูƒุงู…ู„ ู„ู„ู…ุนู„ูˆู…ุฉ ุงู„ู…ุทู„ูˆุจุฉ ู…ู† ุงู„ุจุฑูŠุฒูŠู†ุชุงุดู† ุฏูŠ ูˆุจูƒุฏุฉ ูŠุจู‚ู‰ ุงุญู†ุง ุจู†ูˆูุฑ ูˆู‚ุชู†ุง ูˆุจู†ุทูˆุฑ ู†ูุณู†ุง ูู‰ ู†ูุณ ุงู„ูˆู‚ุช ูˆุจุดูƒู„ ุณุฑูŠุน ูˆุจู†ุชุนูˆุฏ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู†ู†ุง ู†ุณู„ูƒ ุงุณู‡ู„ ุงู„ุทุฑู‚ ู„ุชูˆุตูŠู„ ุงู„ู…ุนู„ูˆู…ุงุช … ูˆุงูƒุฑุฑ ุฏุนูˆุชู‰ ุจุงู† ุงู‰ ุญุฏ ุนู†ุฏู‡ ุงูŠ ุงููƒุงุฑ ุฌุฏูŠุฏุฉ ูˆุนุงูˆุฒ ูŠุนุฑุถู‡ุง ู…ู† ุงุนุถุงุก ุงู„ูุฑูŠู‚ ูŠู…ูƒู†ู‡ ุงุฑุณุงู„ ุงู„ุจุฑูŠูˆูŠู†ุชุงุดู† ู…ุน ุงู„ููƒุฑุฉ ูƒุงู…ู„ุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุงูŠู…ูŠู„ ุงู„ุฎุงุต ุจุงู„ูุฑูŠู‚ … ุงู„ู„ู‰ ุฌุงูŠูŠู† ุฏู„ูˆู‚ุช ู‡ู‰ ุงู„ุจุฑูŠุฒูŠู†ุชุงุดู†ุฒ ุงู„ู„ู‰ ุชู… ุนุฑุถู‡ุง ูู‰ ุชูŠุฏ ุชูˆูƒุณ ุงู„ูŠูˆู… ุฏู‡

#2 –> Intro to cloud computing – by amar ashour

the related video of Google chrome Cloud OS

#3 –>Intro to how to make a presentation – by M.Ebrahim

#4 –> intro to python – by M.gebreel

ูˆูƒุงู† ุงุฎูŠุฑุง ููŠู‡ ุจุฑูŠุฒูŠู†ุชุงุดู† ูƒุฏุฉ ุงูˆ ู…ู…ูƒู† ุงู‚ูˆู„ ุนุฑุถ ู„ุจุนุถ ุงู„ู„ูˆุฌูˆู‡ุงุช ุงู„ุนุงู„ู…ูŠุฉ ู„ูƒู‰ ู†ุนุฑู ูˆู†ุชุนู„ู… ุงู† ุงู„ู„ูˆุฌูˆ ู‡ูˆ ุดุฆ ูุนู„ุง ููŠู‡ ููƒุฑุฉ ู…ุด ู…ุฌุฑุฏ ุฑุณู…ุฉ ุจุชู…ุซู„ู†ุง ูˆุฎู„ุงุต ู„ูƒู† ุฏู‡ ุฑู…ุฒ ุจูŠุนุจุฑ ุนู† ุงู‡ุฏุงูู†ุง ูˆุดุบู„ู†ุง ูƒู„ู‡ ูˆุงู„ู„ู‰ ูŠุดูˆูู‡ ู…ู…ูƒู† ูŠุนุฑูู†ุง ู…ู† ุบูŠุฑ ู…ุง ูŠูƒู„ู…ู†ุง ูˆู…ู† ู‡ู†ุง ุจุงูƒุฑุฑ ุฏุนูˆุชู‰ ู„ู„ุฌู…ูŠุน ู„ู…ุญุงูˆู„ุฉ ุนู…ู„ ู„ูˆุฌูˆ ู„ู„ูุฑูŠู‚ ู…ู† ุงุนุถุงุก ุงู„ูุฑูŠู‚ ุงุชู…ู†ูŠ ุฏู‡ ูู‰ ุงู‚ุฑุจ ูุฑุตุฉ

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